An Outline of Preston
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Preston is an interestingly located city. Several major converging routes make it a natural place to meet. As well as being within 15 miles of the geographic centre of Britain. In the last 15 years it has renewed a lot of its infrastructure and the expanding university has added a buzz to the area on the northern edge of the centre. Two large development plans and further significant facelifts are in the planning process.
Getting into the centre
Approaching from the south Preston stands above the north side of the valley of the River Ribble which has an attractive mantle of large trees. To the right under 10 miles away are the Pennine Hills stretching into the distance while the view to the left is flat.
Approaching Preston on the A59 from the M6 cross the Ribble at the Tickled Trout where secret negotiations for top footballers have taken place. Then up the steep valley side through the trees and into Preston.
Once in the city you can turn right at the first roundabout and head towards Deepdale for the retail centre or the football. Alternatively continue along New Hall Lane into the centre. Not being fooled by the name as it isn't a lane, it's a road of terraced housing that used to be big cotton land.
At the end of New Hall Lane on the right is a large mill converted to apartments and at the end is what was Preston's biggest and one of the oldest mills, the Horrocks Works area, now Homebase.
Turn right at the lights onto the A6, into the centre and note the old Prison Building on the right as you approach the next lights. Crossing these lights you're on a dual carriageway and on the left behind the Holiday Inn is one of the largest bus stations in Europe with 3 storeys of car parking.
Park and ride schemes exist from the A6 at Walton Le Dale, which is left from New Hall Lane. Also from the docks. The biggest car parks are at the Bus Station, the Market, St Georges Shopping Centre, Fishergate Shopping Centre and Avenham.
There is evidence in the area of ancient hunters having been at work, the Poulton Elk in the Harris Museum shows signs of an arrow injury, the largest ever Viking silver hoard (Cuerdale) was found just outside the boundary, the Romans had a fort, there is an ancient charter which is celebrated every 20 years in the Preston Guild.
The history of the city includes Roman settlements, a town charter granted by King Henry II in 1179 and battles in the Civil War and Jacobite Rebellion. Jacobite armies camped and fought in the boundary with local support.
Cotton came along and changed the landscape with its pointed, smoking chimneys helping to derive Charles Dickens 'Hard Times' after his visit in 1854. Other industry such as electrical motors, tram manufacturing, aircraft manufacturing, and in neighbouring Leyland, bus, truck, rubber and paint manufacturing made its mark.
Preston is the administrative centre of Lancashire and was given city status at the millenium. It houses the University of Central Lancashire and has a well appointed art gallery and museum, three theatres, attractive parks next to the river and a dockland marina. The Lancaster Canal winds an interesting path north and is now linked to the national canal system via the Millenium Link.
Probably the most famous event is the Preston Guild, held every 20 years or so since 1179, or 'once every Preston Guild' as the saying goes. Every year at Whitsun a fair takes over the city centre although recently it has moved to Moor Park. There used to be religious walks with church banners on Whit Monday until a few years ago with a Catholic walk and a Church of England walk at separate times.
The old Harris College on Corporation street and at Avenham became a polytechnic and is now much expanded into the University of Central Lancashire (UCLAN) filling a large and expanding part of the edge of the centre with buildings and student accommodation.
Preston has upgraded its central shopping areas in the last few years and has a more modern feel especially around the railway station. There are plans for more improvements. The finest buildings are old ones; Harris Museum, Miller Arcade, Parish Church (now Minster), St Walburgs, Winckley Square, Miller Park.
1960/70's buildings include the Guild Hall, Bus Station, Market Hall, St Georges Shopping Centre, Crystal House and the County Planning Office next to the Park Hotel. In the last few years the old dockland has been re-developed and is now very 2000ish. The Deepdale Retail Centre near the football ground is pretty good as well.
There are several interesting parks, the best in my opinion, are Miller and Avenham. Although Moor, Ashton and Haslam are extensive.
There are 3 theatres, the Guild Hall contains 2; the arena and Charter Theatre and there is the Playhouse Theatre. Cinemas are on the docks and at the Capital Centre in Walton Le Dale. There are a number of clubs and these tend to rotate round the student population as does the number of comedians who visit.
The best built view in Preston is up Friargate to the Harris building which contains a museum, art gallery and library. The museum has a display of the history of Preston with dug out canoes found in the river through to industrial times and Horrocks' factories. It also has fine art, an excellent dress and glass collection and periodic special displays.
Another iconic view in Preston is St Walburge's church steeple next to the railway line which is beautifully formed and coloured.
The ornamental Miller Park is next to the river and railway line. With its neighbour Avenham Park, a natural amphitheatre, the river bridges and Avenham Walk are an attractive feature.
Photo of Preston Town Hall.
In the surrounding area is lush and green farmland, such as the Ribble Valley, West Lancashire Plain and the Fylde, where as a bonus tasty creamy or crumbly Lancashire Cheese is made. The surrounding villages have their own story. This farmlife continued while from around 1800 to 1880 Preston grew from an agriculturally based economy of about 10,000 people into an industrial town of over 100,000 people, mainly based on cotton.
Manufacturing History & Employment
World class engineering products have been designed and made in Preston and its surrounding area including Leyland. There are many military aircraft types such as the Canberra, Lightning, Tornado and Eurofighter Typhoon. At Leyland there is the Atlantean bus design and a long history of buses and trucks as well as paint and rubber. There are the English Electric trams and the Deltic locomotive prototype. Large manufacturing companies now include BAE SYSTEMS and Paccar (Leyland Trucks). These are the former English Electric Aviation and Leyland Motors. Cotton has left its mark but no longer employs a significant number, if any. The name Horrocks achieved fame through its finished products and womenswear: Horrockses Fashions. Alstom on Strand Road is the last remnant in the actual boundary of Preston of Dick Kerrs / English Electric / GEC Traction. The docks have closed to the shipping trade and are now a marina, shopping and apartment area.
Employment has certainly changed as with most places in the UK. A lot of government jobs with the Lancashire County Hall, City Council, Education such as the University of Central Lancashire and the large hospital. In surrounding areas the Premium Bond office is in Blackpool, Land Registry near Lytham. Call centre work with Carphone Warehouse recently opening a large, 800 employee office to complement existing ones related to mail order and travel, Netflights. Engineering companies - BAE SYSTEMS aircraft design and manufacture and Paccar Trucks assembly are major employers in the area. BAXI heating started in Bamber Bridge, 140yrs ago, just south and still has a factory there. Beech's chocolates have been made for 90 years.
Football & Sport
The main local football team, Preston North End, is currently in League 1 and has a long history of achievement including being a founding member of the football league, double winners and twice cup-winners.
Preston Grasshoppers Rugby Union Football Club is the main rugby team.
The famous Dick Kerrs ladies football team was also from Preston. There are dozens of minor football and cricket teams filling a close typed page of results in the local paper. Within 30 miles is the best football in Europe - Man U, Liverpool, Man C, Everton, Bolton, Blackburn, Wigan, Blackpool. With Burnley in the Championship. There are several sports facilities.
Transport Links & Regional Attractions
Located above the Ribble valley flood plain. Preston is well linked, being next to the M6 and on the London to Glasgow West Coast Main Line. It is 30 - 40 minutes drive or train to the great cities of Manchester and Liverpool and the major leisure locations of Blackpool, the Lake District and the Yorkshire Dales, not to forget Southport. The Lancaster Canal has recently been expanded to link it to the River Ribble and onto the national canal system. Preston could be said to be the boundary between the built up lower section of England and the less densely populated north of the UK. You can soon be either in remote country, a large centre like Manchester, a more gentile Lytham St.Annes or on Blackpool promenade. It is also geographically almost in the centre of Great Britain.
Transport links are via the M6 Junction 31 for central Preston, and Deepdale, and if you are going to the M61 / M65. Junction 32 for the M55 and north. The bus station is said to be the largest in Europe and has an unusual island design, corporation buses on one side, regional/national on the other, with what I think is Oriental styling for the car park above. The largish railway station is at the opposite end of the central area to the bus station and is set back from Fishergate with access through the Fishergate Shopping Centre. Outside rush hour the roads in Preston are usually pretty easy although traffic-light mania sets in along Blackpool Road, the A5085, and I wouldn't recommend it at any time as a through route. If you're going to Deepdale from the motorway you miss most of it.
The Lancashire Wildlife Trust has a new and award winning reserve at Brockholes next to the River Ribble and accessed on the A59 at the M6 J31 roundabout. The Ribble is a major bird area with RSPB Martin Mere about 10 miles south west of Preston.
Around 130,000 people live in Preston. South Ribble, across the River Ribble, has another 100,000.
Preston has a higher number of Roman Catholics than most places although maybe that has no real significance today.
It is possible to detect differences in local accents. If you're a connoisseur of accents it's great fun to detect the subtle differences of Preston, Blackpool, Blackburn, Bolton, Wigan, Liverpool and how they're mixed in the surrounding areas. Maybe less so now as people move about more and the influence of broadcasting.
Preston's twin towns
The making of European links via Twinning began in Preston 1948 with Almelo in the Netherlands. This grew to include Nimes, France in 1955, Recklinghausen, Germany in 1956 and finally Kalisz, Poland in 1989.
The Preston Top Ten of interesting buildings and places. The writers opinion and some might call him a bore others call him the Stick (some will understand this).
1. Preston North End, Deepdale.
2. Harris Museum and Art Gallery
3. St Walburge's Church
4. Miller - Avenham Park and Tram Road
5. Miller Arcade
6. Winckley Square area
7. Bus Station
8. Preston Docklands, Albert Edward Dock
9. Friargate, view up to the Harris and the upper stories of the buildings
10. Fulwood Barracks
Other notables: Victorian Covered market, one of the biggest of its type. Guild Hall should have been great but isn't.
Special mention to the British Commercial Vehicle Museum at Leyland. A personal favourite is the Museum of Lancashire in Stanley Street, Preston.
Preston has a number of grand plans. All of them are hamstrung by divergent opinion.
Tithebarn is a major shopping and office development to be built on the site of the current bus station and surrounding area. An inquiry took place between May and July 2010 where Blackpool and Blackburn councils objected that it is an excessive development detracting from them and Preston hasn't enough high earners to sustain the shops. The government threw out the objection but Blackburn continued with further action till it was over-ruled. Although the delays and recession have put the plan in jeopardy and it looks to have gone.
In late 2012 the council is trimming the sails of the city blaming reduced budgets although long term deliberate neglect seems to be another contributor. It has voted to knock down the Market Hall and its Car Park, the Lancastria Building and the Bus Station - the latter to be deferred subject to consultation.
Winckley Square is a Georgian sunken garden in the centre. The council have a plan to modernise it with bright lights, totem poles and things hanging in trees, but a couple of thousand objections have been made.
The Flag Market is the main historic meeting place of Preston with the best built view up Friargate to the Harris building. The council has a plan to cut down the trees and erect flag poles round the square giving 'flag' market a whole new meaning. Quite a lot of head scratching questioning what this is about.
River Project. This seems to have gone quiet. A plan to dam the river to create a lake effect and promenade and to develop the flood plain with shops and offices. The view out from Avenham Park into the country would be changed into another shopping area. Not to mention whether the river will flood more in future. Let's hope this never happens.
Another project being debated is building a tram / light railway network linking initially the next to the M6 Park and Ride Car Park and the City Centre via the Deepdale Shopping Centre. Some of this will be built on disused railway track which goes through a tunnel. It seems to have some traction as a social and environmental project. Looks like this is now a non-runner.
Other projects are; the line between Manchester and Blackpool is to be electrified by 2015 which is good news. It was also expected that the High Speed Train, HS2, would come through Preston well into the future although this is now looking like there will only be high speed compatible trains beyond Mancheste.
On the road a Broughton by-pass is being discussed near the intersection of the M55 and M6.
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